Shocks and Stresses

To prepare for the city resilience strategy, the 100RC program begins with assessing the shocks and stresses experienced by the city of Semarang. Shocks are defined as sudden events or situations that can immobilize or disrupt the function of cities, while stresses are chronic or periodic events or situations which can weaken their function.

100RC requires all stakeholders to actively participate during the identification of the Lists of Shocks and Stresses. The process is conducted through perception studies, data reading, and voting. The stakeholders involved come from the city government, civil organizations, private sectors, and youth (student) representatives.

The Lists of Shocks and Stresses are depicted as follow:


  1. Flood
  2. Disease Outbreak
  3. Fire
  4. Landslide
  5. Drought
  6. Raw Material Supply


  1. Clean Water Crisis
  2. Tidal Flooding
  3. Electricity Supply Stability
  4. Poverty and Unemployment
  5. Traffic Congestion
  6. Economic Crisis
  7. Abrasion
  8. Waste
  9. River Pollution
  10. Land Subsidence