Semarang is the capital of Central Java located at 6°50′ – 7°10′S and 109°35’ – 110°25′E. It is bounded on the west by Kendal district, on the east by Demak district, on the south by Semarang district, and on the north by the Java Sea, with a 13.6 km long coastal line. The city’s topography is between 0.75-348.00 above sea level.
Semarang is divided into 16 subdistricts and 177 villages administratively. The city has an area of 373.70 square kilometers with 39.56 square kilometers (10.59%) used for rice fields and 334.14 square kilometres (89.41%) for non rice fields.
The total number of Semarang’s population is over 1.5 million people with the population growth of 0.83% in 2013. The South Semarang is the most densely populated sub-district with 13,882 people/km2. The population density in Semarang tends to rise for the last 5 (five) years along with the increase of the city population. The population of productive age between 15-64 years is approximately 71.57% of the population.
The main livelihood of the people is in the service industry, such as industrial and construction workers, civil servants/Armed Forces, and farmers. Health improvement carried out by the city government is through prevention methods, such as immunizations on BCG, polio, DPT and measles. Semarang is known as the trade and commercial center, as well as the center of secondary and tertiary industry. Its strategic location has made the city the transit hub for Central Java. The city’s vision is to foster trade, logistics, and industry clusters, more specifically in foods, batik, processed foods, crafts, and tourism.
The development of education sector in Semarang continues to aim at improving the qualities of the people of Indonesia; that they can be more intelligent, skilled, and full of self-confidence as well as develop innovative attitudes and behaviors. Further, the development is a life-long cultural process to improve the human dignity in the environment within which education takes place, whether it be the home, school, or community.
The cultural development includes establishing, evolving, and conserving the local cultures as part of integrated national culture. In order for the enthusiasm in pursuing art interests still alive, the cultural art groups, such as the traditional culture, are being greatly motivated and encouraged through highlighting their creativity. Such is a way to meet the demands of the people who are thirst for innovation. One committment of the government is to provide a place called Taman Raden Saleh where a wide range of facilities are available, such as covered stage, open studios, and many more.